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Immigration and Conflict, 1918 - 1947

Jewish immigration to Israel proceeded steadily throughout the inter-war period. There was continual conflict between Jews and Arabs during these years, with atrocities committed by both sides (e.g. the 1929 Hebron pogrom in which the Jewish population was massacred or driven out of the city, and during the 1936-9 Arab revolt). As a result, restrictions were placed on further Jewish immigration. Despite this, at the time of the UN partition of Palestine in 1947 there was a clear Jewish majority in the area apportioned for the establishment of a Jewish state, viz. 538 000 Jews and 397000 Arabs.