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World War I and the Balfour Declaration

During World War I, the British Government issued the famous Balfour Declaration of 1917, stating that it view[ed] with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish peopleā€. After the war, the League of Nations assigned the Palestine Mandate to the United Kingdom. This endorsed the terms of the Balfour Declaration and directed the UK to set up a Jewish Agency to administer Jewish affairs in Palestine.