The Jewish Return to Israel Begins
From the 1870s, Jewish immigration to Israel gained increasing momentum. Societies were established in the Diaspora to purchase and settle the land with the long-term aim of establishing a Jewish national home. Later groups like BILU, Alliance Israelite and Hibbat Tziyon established a number of early Jewish settlements, such as Rosh Pinna and Rishon Le Tziyon on land purchased from Arab owners with the aid of Jewish philanthropists. About 25,000 Jews immigrated to Israel/Palestine during this period.