Israel, the Jewish People and the Exile
In 135 CE, the last Jewish rebellion against Rome, headed by Shimon Bar Kochba, was defeated. Most of those Jews who were not killed were expelled from the land. For the next eighteen centuries and more, the Jewish people lived as a vulnerable religious minority in scattered communities all around the world.
Returning to Israel, their homeland, seemed an Impossible dream, but they took comfort in the words of their sages and prophets who promised that one day it would become a reality.